The five-fold ministry is based on scripture in Ephesians 4:11 that says, “And He Himself gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers."
When Jesus ascended, He took His whole ministry mantle, divided it, and gave it in five parts to His church. All five are needed to perfect, mature and equip the saints to do the work of the Kingdom. So why did Jesus split it? Because then we'd need each other in order to accomplish the Great Commission, and this would urge us to seek unity even when human nature got in the way.
Five-fold ministers are meant to cooperate in their special giftings and abilities, and together govern (apostle), guide (prophet), gather (evangelist), ground (teacher) and guard (pastor) God’s people.
It has never been God’s intention for leaders to attempt to equip and build up the body alone. There is no scripture that even suggests that one senior shepherd has been given everything necessary to perfect His people.
It is the responsibility of the five-fold to raise up and equip God's people in their giftings and callings. It's not about who has the bigger church or ministry, but rather that we are all different part of ONE body and we must all come together in unity to serve the head Jesus Christ.
When the five-fold don't work together, we find "lopsided believers". For example: Those who are under the leader with the pastoral gifting will find their pastoral needs + gifts awakened, but may be weak in the apostolic strengths needed to advance His kingdom. Those who are under a prophetic leader will find it easy to flow in the supernatural and hear God's voice, but may lack the drive to go out and evangelize.
When the five-fold ministers begin to work in unity, believers should be able to pastor others, prophesy, evangelize, teach the Word of God, and move apostolically.
For the body of Christ to be whole and mature, we need to be equipped by all five. All believers should be able to grow well and take on the full mantle of Jesus (in fact, Jesus said that we're to do even greater things than He did!).
The Antioch Hub Team